But while theorists and practitioners across the world are experimenting in ways to weaponize information, for some, the term information war has gone beyond psyops (psychological operations) to become a grand myth which explains away the world. Indeed, one of the most damaging ideas an information war can plant in the mind of the enemy is the idea of an information war itself. Information war has long obsessed Russian geopolitical analysts looking to explain the failure of the Soviet Union. They assert that the country collapsed not because of its terrible economic, cultural and social policies, but because of information viruses planted by Western security services through Trojan-Horse ideas such as freedom of speech (Operation Glasnost) and economic reform (Operation Perestroika). Alleged secret agents in the Soviet establishment who posed as so-called modernizers, allied with a DC-dictated fifth column of anti-Soviet dissidents, supposedly oversaw the dissemination of these viruses. For a long time, such theories were not in the Russian mainstream. But as the Kremlin searched for ways to explain its losses in the 21st Centurysuch as the 2004 and 2013 http://benjaminbennettstyle.redcarolinaparaguay.org/2016/10/05/the-latest-insights-into-swift-secrets-of-job-negotiation Revolutions in Ukraine or the 2011 protests against Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscowinformation war became a convenient way to cover up for policy failures. In a 2012 article called Russia and the Changing World, Putin elaborated about how he perceives such soft powernamely, as a matrix of tools and methods to reach foreign policy goals without the use of arms but by exerting information and http://madeveoon.journalnewsnet.com/once-you-have-verified-that-your-paper-is-correct-at-the-macro-level-it-is-time-to-delve-deeper-into-your-essay-1 other levers of influence; a device used to manipulate the public and to conduct direct interference in the domestic policy of sovereign countries. He rejected as unacceptable the work of pseudo-NGOs and other agencies that try to destabilize other countries with outside support… Others were more specific. Describing the Arab Spring in a 2014 piece for The Military-Industrial Courier, General-Major Vasily Burenok, president of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences, wrote that In North Africa, the main aim [of the West] was to inspire a civil war and sow chaos. Meanwhile, in Ukraine, he claimed, Western colonels tried to reformat Ukrainian thinking during the Maidan revolution of 2013. The internet and mobile communications allow for new intensity and power in this non-material warfare, he observed.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.eurasianet.org/node/81661
Every time you scratch you create a new wound which will never get the chance to heal, if you keep scratching it. Hyper occlusion is one of the common reason of post root canal discomfort and pain. On what basis will you hire or fire an employee? Dryness or sometimes fluid discharge Pain and swelling in some cases Burning and throbbing sensation Ear eczema, as the name suggests, affect the skin of the ear, either in the inner or external part of the sensory organ. ■ Do you have a degree in nursing? This attack of the immune system could be correlated to the structure of varied genes in people prone to eczema. The surgeon will make an open incision and remove the damaged tissues or bone spurs. When the diaphragm relaxes, the lung and tissues that line the thoracic cavity recoil, and air is expelled. If you have been experiencing the aforementioned symptoms, consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. This definition should also include what does not come under this agreement.
14 in the American Journal of Epidemiology adds to a growing body of evidence linking the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) or acetaminophen with loss of hearing, although the exact mechanism at play remains unknown. “Hearing loss is get more extremely common in the United States and can have a profound impact on quality of life,” said senior author Gary Curhan, MD, SCD, a physician in the Channing Division of Network Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. “Finding modifiable risk factors could help us identify ways to lower risk before hearing loss begins and slow progression in those with hearing loss.” The research team examined data from more than 54,000 women between the ages of 48 and 73 enrolled in the Nurses’ Health Study. They analyzed information on usage of aspirin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen, as well as self-reported hearing loss. Longer duration of ibuprofen or acetaminophen use was associated with higher risk of hearing loss. The team did not find a significant association between hearing loss and duration of usual-dose aspirin use. (Hearing loss is an established side effect of high dosages of aspirin, but such dosages have become uncommon over the last two decades.) “Although the magnitude of higher risk of hearing loss with analgesic use was modest, given how commonly these medications are used, even a small increase in risk could have important health implications. Assuming causality, this would mean that approximately 5.5 percent of hearing loss occurring in these women could be due to ibuprofen or acetaminophen use,” said Curhan. The study’s authors note that the NHS data are limited to mostly older, white women and that further investigation in larger groups and among other populations will be important to understand the connection between hearing loss and pain reliever usage. The team has previously published findings that indicate that higher frequency use of NSAIDs and acetaminophen are associated with higher risk of hearing loss in men and younger women.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-12/bawh-luo121316.php